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Gradint软件能帮你准备自学录音带练习外语词汇。 它能补充别的课程,帮你准备发表演讲,或者记录你所遇见的词汇。

该软件的理论: Gradint用皮姆斯勒(Pimsleur)1967年所出版的"分级间歇回想"法的变体。好像声音抽认卡, 采用一个特别顺序帮你记忆。 Pimsleur课程 (听演示) 声称有专利的技巧, Gradint并不违反, 但1967年的"分级间歇回想"主意现在公有領域所以Gradint能用帮你学你自所选的词汇。

技术性的图表一课, 有许多分级间歇 (graduated-interval) 顺序。 短顺序回想旧词; 粉红顺序教新词; 簧显示顺序 能适应
Gradint 用声音, 所以你能集中发音。 (也意味你能一面梳洗一面听, 因为不需要盯着显示器看。) Gradint 或者做MP3(或其他声音文件格式)让你以后听, 或者直接播放而试试适应你的紧急打断。 所用的词语或者是真正录音或者是机器声音。 你可以随时把词语加到你的目录。 Gradint 能管理一万多词语的积攒。也能帮你排练诗歌等。

Gradint 是免费的,是《通用公共授权》的《自由软件》, 用GNU General Public License (GPL v3). The latest release is v0.99898.


  1. 下载合适的译本:
    • 视窗操作系统 (不需要管理人员) 下载视窗 (Windows)而打开。
      如果你学习中文, 请也下载 Cheng Yali 的华语声音 (听示范) (也有低音版) 或 黄冠能的粤语声音, 比较大的下载但是没有比Gradint所包括的声音那么机器性。 视窗能打开; 别的作业系统把它放在Gradint 的卷宗。
      • On Windows 7+ click the small "More options" link to reveal the "Run anyway" option (I haven't paid Microsoft to be a "known publisher").
      • Don't worry about the background gradint-wrapper.exe.
    • 苹果机(Mac OS X)下载 苹果机本, 打开包裹, 打开Gradint.
    • Linux, Unix 等, 包括每个孩子一台笔记型电脑(OLPC)、网络储存设备(NAS)和树莓派(Raspberry Pi), 下载 Linux译本, 做 tar -jxf gradint.bgz 然后 gradint/gradint.py. 推荐你也安装 espeakpython-tk 包裹。
    • Windows Mobile 手机 (6.0 or earlier) 安装 PythonCE, 安装gradint.cab and run Setup in the gradint folder. (This will also install eSpeak, and some scripts to read the clipboard. It will run faster if you have a RAMdisk.)
    • Nokia/Symbian S60 手机 安装 PyS60 and ScriptShell (those links are for 3rd edition phones; for other editions google it), unpack gradint-S60.zip into the phone's data\python or python folder, open Python and run script gradint.py.
    • Android 手机 安装 QPython, unpack gradint-android.zip into qpython/scripts (or com.hipipal.qpyplus/scripts on older versions), and optionally set QPython's "default program" to gradint.py (or if you have SL4A+Python, use /sdcard/sl4a/scripts)
    • RISC OS 下载 RISC OS Python and gradint.zip; shift-click to open !gradint or click to run.
    • 或者,使用Gradint网站版本,能用任何浏览器。 You can set up your own server with the Unix version (above) and the server scripts (also includes scripts for email-based service).
  2. 告诉软件你要学什么语言。 在大多数系统, Gradint 能显示一个视窗让你做这样。 或者你可以edit the file settings.txt.
  3. 给软件词语和短语教。   你可以混合真正录音和机器声音。你可以随时把词语加到你的积攒。 在大多数系统, Gradint 能显示一个视窗让你做这样。 或者你可以:
  4. 如果可能, 准备提示声音 比如 "请跟着说", "在说一次"等。 英文和中文的机器声音课文已经提供了, 但如果你不想用机器声音或用别的语言, 请自己提供。 关于提供别的提示声音请看 the file README.txt in the prompts subdirectory of the samples directory. 我也有 sampled English prompts.
然后, 你每当想一课, 能打开这个软件。

如果你的电脑技巧很高, 你也能看 advanced.txt (that link is for reference only; to make changes you will need to open the copy in your gradint installation).

程序员: The source code is gradint.py which can be found within any of the downloads, or you can download the Gradint build environment which contains a Makefile and supporting files for producing the above releases from a Linux box. See its README.txt for details. There is also an SVN repository thanks to Cameron Wong: svn co http://svn.code.sf.net/p/e-guidedog/code/ssb22
and a GitHub repository: git clone https://github.com/ssb22/gradint.git
and a GitLab repository: git clone https://gitlab.com/ssb22/gradint.git
and a Bitbucket repository: git clone https://bitbucket.org/ssb22/gradint.git

A separate program charlearn can help you learn to recognise foreign characters. If you are learning Chinese, be careful of commercial computer voices.


Silas S. Brown and Peter Robinson. Addressing Print Disabilities in Adult Foreign-language Acquisition.  In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCII 2003, Crete, Greece), Vol.4: Universal Access in HCI, pp 38-42.  PDF 
All material © Silas S. Brown unless otherwise stated.
Android is a trademark of Google LLC.
Linux is the registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the U.S. and other countries.
Mac is a trademark of Apple Inc.
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
MP3 is a trademark that was registered in Europe to Hypermedia GmbH Webcasting but I was unable to confirm its current holder.
Pimsleur is a registered trademark of Beverly Pimsleur exclusively licensed to Simon & Schuster.
Python is a trademark of the Python Software Foundation.
Raspberry Pi is a trademark of the Raspberry Pi Foundation.
RISC OS is a trademark of Pace Micro Technology Plc.
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
Any other trademarks I mentioned without realising are trademarks of their respective holders.