This site is a specialist resource site for materials related to Proprietary Estoppel, a specialist doctrine within land law. The materials are provided free of charge for educational use only. You MUST seek professional advice if you are contemplating acting on these materials. DO NOT rely on these materials or the arguments and opinions expressed in the articles and comments found here as a basis for any action, including legal action. You are responsible for the use to which you put these materials.

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Mee, John. "Proprietary Estoppel, Promises and Mistaken Belief." MODERN STUDIES IN PROPERTY LAW 6 (2011).

Mee, John. "The Limits of Proprietary Estoppel: Thorner v Major." Child and Family Law Quarterly 21.3 (2009): 367-383.

Bray, Judith. "Proprietary Estoppel: A New Chapter Dawns." Denning LJ 22 (2010): 175.

Hopkins, Nicholas. "Proprietary estoppel: a functional analysis." Journal of Equity 4.3 (2010): 201-224.

Dixon, Martin. "Confining and defining proprietary estoppel: the role of unconscionability." Legal Studies 30.3 (2010): 408-420.

Dixon, Martin. "The reform of property law and the Land Registration Act 2002: a risk assessment." Conveyancer and Property Lawyer (2003): 136-156.

Sloan, Brian. "Proprietary Estoppel: Recent Developments in England and Wales”[2010]." SAcLJ 22: 110.

Moore, I. "Proprietary Estoppel, Constructive Trusts and Section 2 of the Law of Property (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1989'(2000)." MLR 63: 912.

Bright, Susan, and Ben McFarlane. "Proprietary Estoppel and Property Rights (2005)." Cambridge Law Journal 46: 449.

Gardner, Simon. "The Remedial Discretion in Proprietary Estoppel—Again’(2006)." LQR 122: 492.

Proprietary Estoppel and Formalities in Land Law: A Theory of Unconscionability
A draft copy of an article published in Modern Studies in Property Law: Vol 2

Milne: Proprietary Estoppel In a Procrustean Bed [1995] 58 MLR 112

Cooke: Estoppel and the Protection of Expectations (1997) 17(2) LS 258

Baughen: Estoppels over Land and Third parties-An Open Question? (1994) 14(2) LS 147

Finn: Equitable Estoppel in Finn (ed): Essays in Equity (1985) Sydney: The Law Book Company Ltd

Halliwell: Estoppel- Unconscionability as a Source of Action (1994) 14 LS 15

Bently/Coughlan: Informal Dealings with Land After Section 2 (1990) 10(3) LS 325

Metzger/Phillips: The Emergence of Promissory Estoppel as an Independent Theory of Recovery [1983] 35(3) Rutgers LR 472

Harper: A Retreat from Equitable Mutuality [1997] Conv. 182

Thompson: From Representation to Expectation-Estoppel as a Cause of Action [1983] CLJ 257

Robertson: Reliance and Expectation in Estoppel Remedies (1998) 18(3) LS 360

Davies: Estoppel as an Adequate Substitute for Part Performance (1993)13 OJLS 99

Matthews: Swords and Shields (1982) 79 LSG 662

Nicholson: Riches v Hogben-Part Performance and the Doctrines of  Equitable and Proprietary Estoppel (1986) 60 Austr. LJ 345

Thompson: Estoppel and Clean Hands [1986] Conv. 406

Spence: Estoppel and Limitation [1991] 107 LQR 221

Lunney: Towards a Unified Estoppel- The Long and Winding Road [1992] Conv 239

Crane: Estoppel Interests in Land (1967) 31 Conv. 332

Howard/Hill: The Informal Creation of Interests in Land (1995) 15(3) LS 356

Waltons Stores( Interstate) Ltd v Maher (1988) 62 ALJR 110

Pawlowski: Casenote on  Orgee v Orgee at [1998] Conv. 351

Evans: choosing the Right Estoppel  Conv 346

Allan: An Equity to Perfect a Gift (1963) LQR 238

Moriarty: Licences and Land Law- Legal Principles and Public Policies (1984) 100 LQR 376

Jackson: Estoppel as a Sword (1965) 81 LQR 84, 223.

Davies: Constructive Trusts, Contracts and Estoppels (1980) 7 Adelaide LR 200

Davies: Informal Arrangements Affecting Land (1979) 8 Sydney LR 578

Ridge: the Equitable Doctrines of Part Performance and Proprietary Estoppel.(1988) 16 Melbourne U LR 725

Summers: The Doctrine of Estoppel Applied to the Statute of Frauds (1931) 79 Univ. Pa.  LR 440

Tee: Casenote on Yaxley v Gotts at [2000] CLJ 23

Thompson: casenote on Yaxley v Gotts at [2000] Conv 245

Battersby: Informal Transactions in Land, Estoppel and Registration (1995) 58 MLR 637

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